Flaxseed is one of the oldest cultural cultures originating from the Mediterranean and West Asia.
Seeds are mainly grown in regions with relatively low winter temperatures. Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Argentina and Canada are some of the world's largest producers of flaxseed.
Flaxseed oil is produced from ground flaxseed. This product is used both in the food industry and as an ingredient in paints, varnishes and many other industrial products.
Flaxseed oil for industrial purposes is obtained by pressing. The seeds are boiled, after which they are passed through solvents. Cold pressing produces unrefined first-pressed flaxseed oil. It retains all the nutrients.
According to the Index mundi rating, among the European countries leading in the import of flaxseed oil are Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and France.
Among the leading producers of flaxseed oil, operating both at the regional and global levels, companies such as Cargill, Nature’s Way Products, Nature’s Bounty, Luyuan, Fueder and others.
European import of flaxseeds has been increasing since 2013 by an average of 5.4% per year. Now on the market of flaxseed oil, as in all industries, there are some negative changes that were caused by the pandemic. Moreover, according to forecasts, the market of linseed oil will increase in the next six years. The growing interest of people in this industry is the main reason for the expansion of this market.
What is needed to supply flaxseed oil to the EU
For the supply of linseed oil to the EU, the marking of the goods is done in English. It should contain the following data:
- Name of products and class;
- Batch code / manufacturer number;
- Name of the exporter and his address;
- Country of origin;
- Certification number, name or code of the certification body;
- Recommendations for storage conditions;
- shelf life of products;
- Volume in metric units / net weight;
- Is the product intended for human consumption.
Features of import of linseed oil
To supply flaxseed oil to the EU, a number of factors must be taken into account (light, air, transport, packaging, etc.). Rapeseed oil is usually transported in tanks that are tightly closed with hatches, as well as in steel barrels. In this case, the container must be dry, clean and odorless. To prevent oil from deteriorating quickly, the container must be filled so that as little space as possible remains above the oil. Oil should not be heated more than a few degrees per day. Otherwise, it may go rancid. To pump oil after transportation, the product temperature must correspond to the pumping temperature. It should be noted that all fats and oils have a density of about 0.9 g / cm3. With increasing temperature, it decreases and this can lead to thermal expansion and to increase the volume of production.
At each temperature increase of 15 C, the oils increase in volume by 1% of their total volume. During transportation, oxygen should not enter the part of the vehicle where the cargo is located, as it can provoke oxidation and premature rancidity of the oil. The movement of containers may also adversely affect the stability of vehicles. That is, the barrels must be fixed so that they are not damaged during unloading.
For each container with linseed oil, marking with the following data is necessary:
- name of the enterprise that manufactured the goods, their address and trademark;
- name, grade and type of oil;
- date of loading;
- mass (net and gross);
- designation of the standard.