Triticale refers to a winter or spring cereal that has been artificially created by breeders by crossing rye and wheat.
This crop is food and grain fodder, and at the same time, in its characteristics, it significantly surpasses parent crops, since it is more resistant to unfavorable climatic conditions and lesions by various diseases.
The main producers of this crop are Poland, Germany, France, Belarus and Australia. In Ukraine, winter varieties of this crop are mainly grown - only 14 varieties, which are located in different regions of the country. At the same time, the processing of triticale is carried out all over the world.
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What you need to know about triticale recycling
Triticale refers to the larger and more fragile grains, in contrast to the parent wheat and rye. At the same time, this type of grain has up to 95% uniformity in the width of the caryopsis, but anatomically, the fruit shell does not fit tightly to the seed. These features do not allow the use of triticale for the production of cereals, although researchers are still working on this issue, since it is believed that processing is still effective and thanks to this, a complete food product is obtained.
The processing of triticale is carried out by cleaning the grain from impurities and directly processing it into cereals. At the same time, intensive processing is not necessary, since the triticale grain is more fragile, and it may not withstand ten-fold peeling-grinding-polishing operations with steam moistening.
That is why, for grain processing, they use cleaning, moistening, tempering, as well as separation into fractions and double peeling with grinding. Thanks to this, according to statistics, 65% of whole and 9% of crushed cereals are obtained.
In which EU countries is triticale processed?
Basically, the processing of this crop is carried out in the EU countries, where triticale is produced - in Poland, Germany, France and Belarus. In these countries, there are the necessary production capacities for processing this grain, and after processing the cereals are delivered back to other countries, including Ukraine.
Since the processing of this crop is quite costly in terms of capacity, it is most profitable to process triticale in the EU countries. That is why Ukrainian grain is supplied to Europe unprocessed and then returned to the country in the form of cereals. Directly in Ukraine, there is no necessary capacity for processing this type of grain.